Every Muslim is required to perform a range of compulsory and voluntary prayers.
Prayer among Muslims can take many forms. Three very common forms are Salat (ritual prayer), Dhikr (remembrance of God, which usually involves the repetition of God’s names), and Du’a (supplication, or asking God for a need or desire or for forgiveness).
The five compulsory prayers take part at different times of the day are known as : 1 Fajr 2 Zuhr 3 Asr 4 Maghrib 5 Isha.
Other compulsory prayers include: 1 Eid Ul Fitr 2 Eid Ul Adha 3 Weekly Friday Jummah 4 Funeral Janazah 5 Witr 6 Hajj Pilgrimage Ritual
Each Prayer (Salat) lasts 5 to 10 minutes, depending on the prescribed length of the prayer and the number and length of Qur’anic verses recited. Other factors may also influence the length of time a Muslim prays, including the number of additional (non-obligatory) prayers one chooses to perform, and the pace at which one recites the Qur’an.
The separation of men and women in prayer is not universal among Muslims. In the mosque built around the Ka’bah, men and women are not separated, but pray together in circular formation around the shrine. In some mosques women pray in balconies above the prayer hall for men, and in some mosques women pray parallel to men while in others they pray behind the men.
The main reason for this practice involves the practice of modesty. The Muslim ritual prayer is very physical in nature, involving standing, bowing, and prostrating oneself. While in congregational prayers, Muslims are supposed to stand side by side and shoulder to shoulder with those next to them. Many Muslim cultures have considered it distracting or immodest to have men and women praying side by side or to have women prostrate themselves in front of men.
Depending on their schedules, Muslims probably will not need to perform all five prayers while on the job since the prayers are spread throughout the day. In addition, each of the five prayers has a window of time during which each prayer can be performed. This time frame extends from about one hour to as long as four hours depending on the specific prayer and the time of year, since the times shift depending on the season and length of day.
Throughout most of the year, the prayer time for the noon prayer does not end while students are at school, so they can perform it when they return home. During the time of year when the prayer time ends while students are still in school, they can take a few minutes during breaks or lunch to pray. Students can ask their teachers if they can pray in the classroom or library.
The daily prayers represent not only the fulfilment of a divine mandatory duty, but an opportunity to connect spiritually with the Creator throughout each day, showing gratitude for the many bounties that Allah swt has provided for people.